Rothschild : Roundups and Arrests
Anne Landau, Department of French and Italian, Northwestern University
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In 1979, years after World War II ended, Halioua was an intern at Tenon Hospital under the Dr. Brocard’s supervision. He noticed that other doctors refused to shake Brocard’s hand, and that students booed Brocard’s lectures as a matter of tradition. Halioua was told that Brocard was informally boycotted for his conduct during the war. When Halioua happened to read Brocard’s obituary in 1994, he learned that Brocard had been awarded the medals of the Légion d’honneur and the Croix de Guerre.

In 1996, Halioua attended an exhibit on the Rothschild Hospital during the German Occupation, which was held at the town hall of the XIIth arrondissement. The exhibition may have been the first time the Rothschild story was publicly documented. There he saw the photograph of Dr. Worms and Danielle Gradsztejn, and met Dr. Colette Brull-Ulmann who related the following story: After the war, Dr. Brocard was suspended from practicing by a decree issued by the Ministry of Public Health. In 1947 the suspension was annulled. He was named chief doctor of pneumology at Tenon Hospital on January 1, 1948, and soon after Chair of Pneumology at CHU Saint-Antoine, until his death in 1994.

Post Scripts

Aloïs Brunner: Aloïs Brunner was never apprehended. After the war he lived in Damascas, protected by the Syrian government, under the alias of Georg Fischer. He was tried twice in abstentia in France, and twice condemned to death. Both the Israelis and French tried to assassinate him. Letter bombs succeeded in causing him to lose an eye and several fingers. When a reporter from the Chicago Sun-Times interviewed Brunner by telephone in 1987, he said he had no remorse, only regretted he had not murdered more Jews.

Theodor Dannecker: After Paris, Eichmann assigned Dannecker to Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Italy and Hungary. When Germany surrendered, he was arrested and placed in an army prison in Bade-Tolz, in Bavaria. He committed suicide by drinking poison on December 10, 1945.

Ernst Heinrichsohn: The whereabouts after the war of Röthke’s aide, Ernst Heinrichsohn, were unknown. He was sentenced to death in abstentia in France in 1954. Much later, Serge Klarsfeld discovered he was Mayor of Miltenberg in Bavaria, whereupon Klarsfeld exposed him. In 1979, Heinrichsohn, together with SS high command officers in France Herbert Hagen and Kurt Lischka, was brought to trial in Cologne, Germany. Maître Klarsfeld represented hundreds of families of the deported Jews of France at the trial. In 1980, a guilty verdict was returned, and Heinrichsohn, received a six-year sentence. (Much of the information available on the November 11, 1942 roundup at the Rothschild Hospice is included in documents that Serge Klarsfeld put in evidence at that trial and which are included in the Picpus Digital Archives.)

Heinz Röthke: Heinz Röthke was sentenced to death in abstentia in France. He became a lawyer in Bavaria, and died in 1966. Röthke, responsible for thousands of Jewish deaths, was never punished for his crimes.