There are 314 objects:

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Sarcey, Paulette (p/id 5021:10016)
In Part I, Paulette Sarcey speaks of her political action against the Germans from 1941 to 1943 when she is arrested, beaten by the police and sent to Rothschild. In Part II, she tells about the appendectomy she undergoes to postpone her deportation to Auschwitz.
Part 1 Video
Sarcey, Paulette (p/id 5021:10017)
In Part I, Paulette Sarcey speaks of her political action against the Germans from 1941 to 1943 when she is arrested, beaten by the police and sent to Rothschild. In Part II, she tells about the appendectomy she undergoes to postpone her deportation to Auschwitz.
Part 2 Video
Kohn, Philippe (p/id 5017:10018)
Philippe Kohn, son of Rothschild Hospital administrator Armand Kohn, speaks about the deportation of his family on the last wagon to leave Paris for Germany, his escape, and the horrific death of his younger brother.
  Video
Gisèle Pierronnet (p/id 5036:10020)
Gisèle Pierronnet who dedicated the past 50 years to researching the history of the Rothschild Hospital under the German Occupation shares her information with the Northwestern investigating team.
Part 1 Video
Gisèle Pierronnet (p/id 5036:10021)
Gisèle Pierronnet who dedicated the past 50 years to researching the history of the Rothschild Hospital under the German Occupation shares her information with the Northwestern investigating team.
Part 2 Video
Yaeche, Michel (p/id 5022:10015)
Michel Yaeche speaks about his grandfather, a resident of the Rothschild Hospice, who was seized in a raid by the French police and deported to an Eastern European death camp.
  Video
Aprile, Thierry (p/id 5007:10019)
History teacher and author, Thierry Aprile speaks about the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror and Lafayette.
  Video
Pierre Nora et "Lieux de Mémoire" (p/id 5001:10013)
Part 2: Picpus and Rothschild Video
Pierre Nora et "Lieux de Mémoire" (p/id 5001:10036)
Part 1: Approach Video
Ordre de transport de prisonniers de Cahors (Lot) à Paris. (p/id 5046:10038)
From W428.963; Manifest Document Listing 2 pages
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Letter requesting a copy of judgment against Auguste Marie (p/id 5048:10040)
From AN/W410.943; Request for a copy of judgment against Auguste Marie, age 14. Date Ventôse Year 3, well a year later
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Indictment of 50 prisoners from the Luxembourg prison, dated 21 messidor II( 9 July 1794) (p/id 5049:10041)
From AN/W410.943: indictment , names of prisonners
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Judgement, Death Penalty, Nicolay, et al.,21 messidor II ( 9 July 1794) AN/410.913 (p/id 5050:10042)
Background: On 21 messidor II, 50 prisonners of Luxembourg were found guilty of conspiracy and condamned to death , except for a 14 year old boy who was given a 2-year jail sentence. One of the convicts who was beheaded on the Place du Trone was Aymar de Nicolay, 24.
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[AN/W410.943: Report of the appeal of one of the accused] (p/id 5051:10043)
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Decree issued by the "Comité Législatif" to the "Comité de Sûreté Générale" RE: appeal of Auguste Françoise Sainte Marie (p/id 5052:10044)
From AN/W410.943: Decree issued by the "Comité Législatif" to the "Comité de Sûreté Générale" ruling in favor of the appeal of Auguste Françoise Sainte Marie, ordering his release and return of his possessions.
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[AN/W410.943: Acquittal of Jobert by the Tribunal révolutionnaire] (p/id 5054:10045)
AN/W410.943 Acquittal of Jobert by the Tribunal révolutionnaire
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[AN/W410.943: Letter from Alexandre Louis Geoffroy d'Assy, son, appealing to the Tribunal Révolutionnaire] (p/id 5055:10046)
[AN/W410.943: Letter from Alexandre Louis Geoffroy d'Assy, son, appealing to the Tribunal Révolutionnaire]
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L'entrée de l'hôpital de Rothschild pendant l'Occupation allemande (p/id 5056:10047)
photograph of a sign posted at the Rothschild Hospital main entrance
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Rothschild Hospital, c. 1930 (p/id 5058:10049)
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Rothschild Hospital, Maternity c. 1944 (p/id 5059:10050)
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Observations sur La Maison du Luxembourg (p/id 5060:10051)
This nine page manuscript is anonymous, and there is a note in the top left corner of the first page that says that "these observations were made near the 15 prairial." The letter addresses the state of the prison, including the inaptitude of the warden, and the ineffectiveness of the locks. After a general description of the prison, the letter is divided into the following topics: solitary cells, affixing locks, salubrity, means of subsistence, and bread. There is a detailed commentary on each topic. This is page 1 of 9.
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Hôpital de Rothschild, Plan Général (1910) (p/id 5061:10052)
View of the hospital at ground level in 1910. This is a digital photograph of an earlier photo reproduction of a line drawing. The original line drawing bears editorial comments in English.
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Paris de 1649 à 1652 - Fac-simile du Plan de Jean-Boisseau dit Plan des Colonelles (p/id 5062:10053)
Map originally entitled, "Plan de la Ville Cité Université Isles et Fauxbourgs de Paris avec le [] de la Nouvelle Closture ou Nouvelles Fortifications dicelle [] par ses 16 Quartiers ou Colonelles [] les Noms des Officiers tant pour la Police que pour la [Milice] dedié à Mrs le Gouverneur et Prevost des Marchands de la ditte ville" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris"
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Tombe de Aymard François Marie Chrétien, Comte de NICOLAY et Ursule Eugénie MAURY, Comtesse de NICOLAY (p/id 5063:10054)
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Caveau de la famille NICOLAY (p/id 5065:10055)
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Une des tombes de la famille NICOLAY (p/id 5066:10056)
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Tombe de Charlotte Louise Dorothée Princesse de ROHAN ROCHEFORT (p/id 5067:10057)
Here lies Charlotte Louise Dorothée Princess of ROHAN ROCHEFORT who died in Paris May 1st 1841 at the age of 73 ans and a half. Model of goodness and kindness, she combined all qualities of heart and mind . Her life sorely tried by sorrows was exemplary. In November 1803 she secretly married Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon Condé, duc d'Enghien. She faithfully kept his memory. It is said that his heart was buried in her grave.
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Chapelle funéraire de la famille ROCHEFOUCAULD (p/id 5068:10058)
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Tombe de Lafayette et de son épouse, Adrienne de Noailles (p/id 5069:10059)
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Plaque commémorative dédiée aux 16 carmélites enterrées à Picpus (p/id 5070:10060)
Plaque on which is inscribed "To the memory of the 16 Carmelites of Compiègne who died for their faith the 17th of July, 1794, beatified the 27th of May, 1906"
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Plaque commémorative du poète André CHÉNIER (p/id 5071:10061)
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Plaque commémorative: "Jean Antoine ROUCHER", cimetière de Picpus (p/id 5072:10062)
Memorial plaque for Jean Antoine Roucher at Picpus Cemetery
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Plaques commémoratives: "Jean Antoine ROUCHER" et "André de CHÉNIER", au cimetière de Picpus (p/id 5073:10063)
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Plaque commémorative dédiée aux hommes et femmes exécutés à la Place du Trône, inhumés à Picpus (p/id 5074:10064)
Plaque on the walled enclosure of the 2 mass graves at the Picpus Cemetery, providing statistical information on gender and social status of people buried there.
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Tombe de la famille CHARTON (p/id 5075:10065)
Tomb of the wife and descendants of Jean CHARTON , Colonel in the National Guard , convicted of counter-revolutionary activities, executed on June 17, 1794 and buried in a mass grave at Picpus
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Tombe de la Famille CHATEAUBRIAND (p/id 5076:10066)
Two adjacent tombstones bearing the name of Chateaubriand, and others including several La Tour du PIN
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Tombes de la famille TOCQUEVILLE (p/id 5077:10067)
Tombstones bearing the names of Baron Hubert de TOCQUEVILLE,Madeleine NERARD de CHAZELLES Baronne de TOCQUEVILLE, and Marie-Louise d’HARCOURT Comtesse de TOCQUEVILLE
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Tombe sans nom (p/id 5078:10068)
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Tombe de G. Lenotre, membre de l'academie francaise,1855-1936 (p/id 5079:10069)
Tomb of Louis Léon Théodore Gosselin, writer known as G. Lenotre, member of the French Academy, 1855-1936, author of many historical novels on the French revolution , including " Le Jardin de Picpus" and the introduction to " Les 9 et 10 thermidor", in recognition of which he was buried at Picpus,
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Tombe de la famille CLERMONT-TONNERRE (p/id 5080:10070)
Tomb of Blanche Marie Louise, Countess of CLERMONT-TONNERRE 1856-1944 and André Marie Hélie Gaspard Marquess of CLERMONT-TONNERRE 1858 -1927, descendant of Jules Charles Henri,Duke of Clermont-Tonnerre , guillotined July 26,1794, accused of conspiracy, buried at Picpus
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Caveau de la famille CHAMBRUN (p/id 5081:10071)
Tomb of the CHAMBRUN family, descendants of General LAFAYETTE and Adrienne de NOAILLES,containing the remains of Augustine Joséphine Agnès Marie de ROHAN CHABOT Princess Lucien MURAT, Comtess Charles de CHAMBRUN 24 May 1876-9 octobre 1951; Louis Charles de PINEON Count de CHAMBRUN Ambassador of France member of the Académie Française Grand Officer of the Legion of Honnor 1875-1952; Louis Gilbert Sydney de LASTEYRIE du SAILLANT Marquess of LASTEYRIE 1881-1955; Suzanne de PINETON de CHAMBRUN 5 January 1902- 16 December 1921 ( sister of René de CHAMBRUN); General J. ALDEBERT de CHAMBRUN Grand Officer of the Legion of Honnor 23 July 1872-22 April 1962; Comtess ADELBERT de CHAMBRUN Nee LONGWORTH 23 October 1873-31 May 1954
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Tombes de la famille PERIGORD (p/id 5082:10072)
Françoise de PERIGORD, executed on 28 ventôse year II, place de la Madeline, is not enterred at Picpus. Her husband, Andrien Sicaire TEXIER, is not listed in the files of the Revolutionary Trinbual, stored at the National Archives. However, a certain Jean TEXIER, who could have been her son, is interred at Picpus.
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Tombe de la famille MONTALEMBERT (p/id 5083:10073)
Family Tomb of MONTALEMBERT dated 1810-1870, with epitaph in latin followed by statement in French: "We are the sons of crusaders we will not retreat in front of the sons of Voltaire."
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Tombe de la famille MILLON de MONTHERLANT (p/id 5084:10074)
Here lie Elisabeth Marie de Millon de Montherlant, born as Bessuand de Lalouche, who died in Paris on 11 May 1870 in her 27th year. Frédéric François Millon de Montherlant, born in Valdampierre on 18 Avril 1835, died in Fontenay-aux-Roses on 13 April 1898; Clotilde Millon de Montherlant, born as Billecocq, died on 15 october 1876 in her 28th year.
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LAISSEZ PASSER PERMANENT au nom de l'interné APPEL Paul, CAMP DE DRANCY (p/id 5085:10075)
PERMANENT PASS issued January 14, 1943 to internee Paul APPEL to permit to circulate within the DRANCY Camp in the performance of his duties of postman, bearing the signature and stamp of the commanding superintendent of the Police Precinct.
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Lettre de Léon ZADOC-KAHN à Désirée DAMENGOUT (p/id 5086:10076)
Personal letter from Dr. Léon Zadoc-Kahn to his head nurse Désirée Damengout, dated October 28, 1942.
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Maria Errazuriz (dans un café à Paris) (p/id 5087:10077)
Digital photograph of photo reprint of Maria Errazuriz
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Personnel de l'hôpital de Rothschild (LOBELSON, WEISMANN, DRUCKER, et al.); pavilion de chirurgie (p/id 5088:10078)
Group photograph of Rothschild doctors and nurses taken at the Rothschild Hospital.
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Personnel de l'hôpital Rothschild et la petite Danielle Gradsztejn (p/id 5089:10079)
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"Ausweis", "Laissez-Passer" au nom de Désirée Damengout (p/id 5090:10080)
Authentic pass (Ausweis or Laissez-Passer) for Désirée Damengout, head nurse in the service de médecine, Rothschild Hospital
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Portrait du Maréchal JOFFRE (p/id 5091:10081)
Photograph of World War I military hero Maréchal Joffre, autographed, dedicated to Madame Georges Kohn
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Acte d'accusation contre Jean Antoine ROUCHER, André CHENIER, et 25 autres. (p/id 5094:10082)
This seven-page document lists the 27 conspirators as well as the specific accusations brought against them in the Revolutionary Tribunal as part of the St. Lazare affair.
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Jugement contre ROUCHER, CHÉNIER, autres (p/id 5095:10083)
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Jugement du 6 fructidor an II pour AUPHANT (p/id 5096:10084)
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Jugement du 7 thermidor An 2eme, Affaire de la maison d'arrêt LAZARRE (p/id 5097:10085)
The 14-page proceedings of the collective trial of 38 prisoners held at St Lazarre, accused of conspiring to escape, of which 35 were found guilty,including poets André Chénier, Antoine Roucher, and Jean-François Antié, known as Léonard,hairdresser of Marie-Antoinette.
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Lettre de François Auphant à l'accusateur public demandant une copie du jugement par le Tribunal Révolutionnaire (le 7 Thermidor, l'an deux). Lettre datée du 4 Fructidor, an deux. (p/id 5098:10086)
This one-page document is a letter from François Auphant to the public accuser, asking for a copy of the jury's verdict so that he may be released from prison, where he was being held after having been found not guilty of the conspiracy charges brought against him in the Saint Lazare affair.
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Ordonnance qui acquitte François Auphant (7 Thermidor, l'an deux). Affaire Saint Lazare. (p/id 5099:10087)
This one-page document is the ordinance of release for François Auphant, issued by the Vice President of the Revolutionary Tribunal, finding him not guilty in the case of conspiracy brought against him.
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La déclaration des jurés dans l'affaire de la maison d'arrêt de Saint Lazare. (p/id 5100:10088)
This four-page document is the jury's decision in the case against the prisoners at Saint Lazare, accused of conspiracy against the Republic. On 8 Thermidor, the following day, the 25 prisoners were executed at la Place du Trône along with 12 additional prisoners found guilty of the same crime.
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Poème manuscrit intitulé "Printemps" par J. Kohn. (p/id 5101:10089)
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"Rebelle à l’amour"; poème adressé à Désirée Damengout (p/id 5102:10090)
Manuscripted poem entitled Rebelle à l’amour (Rebel to Love); unsigned
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"Ombre amie fleur jolie..."; poème (p/id 5103:10091)
Poem by J. Kohn, incarcerated in the Service de médecine of the Rothschild Hospital.
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de Roquefeuil, Jean-Melchior (p/id 5010:10095)
Jean-Melchior de Roquefeuil, gives a brief history of the French Society of the Cincinnati, of which Lafayette was a member.
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Tombe de Pierre LAVAL, Jeanne LAVAL (née CLAUSSAT), Josée de CHAMBRUN, René de CHAMBRUN, Cimetière Montparnasse (p/id 1065:1065)
Grave of Pierre Laval, his wife Jeanne Laval, Josée de Chambrun (daughter), and René de Chambrun (son-in-law) at the Montparnasse Cemetery, in Paris (14th district). Other members of the CHAMBRUN family are buried at Picpus.
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Tombe de la famille HOUBÉ, Cimetière Montparnasse (p/id 1250:1250)
Houbé family tomb at the Montparnasse Cemetery; view from the grave site of Laval, Chambrun.
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Bibliothèque Historique - Troisième Episode (p/id 1066:1066)
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Vue d'un mur du cimetière de Picpus, 47 du Boulevard de Picpus, ca. 1902 (p/id 1253:1253)
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L'inauguration de l'hôpital israélite, fondé par M. James de Rothschild (le 26 mai 1852) (p/id 1067:1067)
Program of ceremony to inaugurate the Rothschild Hospital, referred to here as "L'Hôpital Isréalite." The program includes transcripts of the speeches of M. Cahen, M. Le Grand Rabbin, and Albert Cohn. May 26, 1852.
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Picpus Pendant La Commune (p/id 1068:1068)
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Registre des entrées et sorties; du 29 Mai 1942 au 2 Juin 1943 (p/id 1069:1069)
This logbook contains the names, family origins, professions, and illnesses of patients admitted to the Rothshild hospital during the years 1942 through 1943. Paulette Slifke Sarcey, the subject of a Picpus Archive interview is mentioned in this logbook.
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Letter of Lafayette to the Marquis de Castries, January 20, 1781. (p/id 1070:1070)
This 12-page bound letter is archived in the Archives Nationales of France, and is cited as being located in Marine B4 192, folios 163-68. Letter from Lafayette to the Marquis de Castries, dated January 20, 1791, in which he pleads for military and financial support for the American army, including a naval force, arms, ammunitions, supplies, and money. Lafayette insists on the necessity of this assistance from France for a successful victory against England in the next military campaign.
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Carnet de photos : vues exterieur et interieur de l'hôpital Rothschild, et alentours en fin de chantier, c. 1912 (p/id 1071:1071)
Photo album of images at the Rothschild Hospital near the end of its construction, c. 1912.
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Photos of the Rothschild Hospital, completed c. 1912 (p/id 1072:1072)
Digital photographs of photographs taken by Lucien Bechmann after the completion of construction of the Rothschild Hospital.
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ARCHITECTURE Originals (p/id 1073:1073)
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Lettre de Lafayette au ministre de la marine, le marquis de Castries. (p/id 1074:1074)
Coded letter in which Lafayette is requesting support for the American troops.
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Acte d'accusation de 28 personnes y compris le marquis de Sade, signé par Fouquier-Tinville le 8 Thermidor An II (p/id 1075:1075)
The 3-page indictment of 28 persons, of whom 6 including Sade are marked "absent" in the left margin. The names of the 22 in attendance appear on the list of the 47 who were the last condemned executed on Place du Trône on 9 thermidor.
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Atlas des anciens plans de Paris (p/id 1076:1076)
This document indexes a collection of maps of Paris produced up to 1789 and includes detailed annotations. Verniquet’s celebrated "Atlas du plan général de la ville de Paris" is among the maps included.
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Carte de Légitimation pour Léo Kaminski (p/id 1077:1077)
Legitimacy Card for Léo Kaminski
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Carte de Légitimation (Legitimacy Card) for Rosette Kaliska; back (p/id 1078:1078)
Legitimacy Card for Rosette Kaliska
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Carte de Légitimation pour Dr. Jules Hoffmann (p/id 1079:1079)
Legitimacy Card for Dr. Jules Hoffmann
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"Fraternité", Mars 1943 (p/id 1080:1080)
This tract, titled "Fraternité" was published by an underground effort, the "Mouvement national contre le racisme" [the National Movement Against Racism].
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Plan de la cité Gauloise: Fac-simile du Plan imaginé par le Commissaire Delamare et Gravé par Nicolas de Fer (p/id 1081:1081)
Photograph of facsimile of "Lutece ou Premier Plan de La Ville de Paris" printed as a single plate in the book "Anciens Plans de Paris"
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Paris en 1552 - Fac-simile du Plan de Olivier Truschet et Germain Hoyau dit Plan de Bâle (p/id 1082:1082)
Photograph of facsimile of Oliver Truschet and Germain Hoyau's plans of Paris in 1552, printed as a single plate in the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1555 - Fac-simile du Plan dit de Saint Victor attribué à Jacques Androuet Du Cerceau (p/id 1083:1083)
Combined from two plates of the book. Plates XI and XI bis (XI missing?)
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Paris en 1575 - Fac-simile du Plan de François de Belleforest (p/id 1084:1084)
Photograph of facsimile of map printed as a single plate in the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1609 - Fac-simile du Plan de François Quesnel - PL. XIII (p/id 1085:1085)
Photograph of facsimile of map printed as two plates in the book "Anciens Plans de Paris"
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Paris en 1609 - Fac-simile du Plan de Vassalieu dit Nicolay (p/id 1086:1086)
Photograph of facsimilie of a map originally titled "Portrait de la Ville, Cité, et Université de Paris avec les Faubourgs (sic); Dedié au Roy" printed as a single plate in the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1615 - Fac-simile du Plan de Mathieu Merian (p/id 1087:1087)
Map originally entitled, "Le Plan de La Ville, Cité, Université, et Faubourgs de Paris, avec la description de son antiquité et singularités" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1630 - Fac-simile du Plan de Melchior Tavernier (p/id 1088:1088)
Map originally entitled, "Le Plan de La Ville, Cité, Université, et Faubourgs de Paris, avec la description de son antiquité" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1654 - Fac-simile du Plan de Jean Boisseau (p/id 1089:1089)
Map originally entitled, "Plan Général de la Ville Cité Université Isles et Faubourgs de Paris, Dedié à Messieurs les Gouverneur Prevost des Marchands et Eschevins de la dite (sic) Ville" Two plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1652 - Fac-simile du Plan de Jacques Gomboust (p/id 1090:1090)
Map originally entitled, "Lutetia. Paris." Four plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris de 1670 à 1676 - Fac-simile du Plan de Bullet et Blondel (p/id 1091:1091)
Map originally entitled, "Plan de Paris Levé par les Ordres du Roy. Et par les soins de Messieurs Les Provost des Marchands et Eschevins en L'année 1676 par le Sr. Bullet Architecte du Roy et de la Ville sous la conduite de Monsieur Blondel Marechal de Camp aux Armées du Roy, Directeur de L'Academie Royale d'Architecture et Maitre de Mathematique de Monseigneur le Dauphin." Two plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1672 - Fac-simile du premier Plan de Jouvin de Rochefort (p/id 1092:1092)
Map originally entitled, "Paris et ses environs"; Four plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1676 - Fac-simile du second Plan de Jouvin de Rochefort (p/id 1093:1093)
Map originally entitled, "Paris et ses environs" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1697 - Fac-simile du Plan de Nicolas de Fer (p/id 1094:1094)
Map originally entitled, "Le Nouveau Plan de Paris" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1713 - Fac-simile du Plan de Bernard Jaillot (p/id 1095:1095)
Map originally entitled, "Nouveau Plan de la Ville et Fauxbourgs de Paris. Comme il est à present. Mis au jour par B. Jaillot Geographe." Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1714 - Fac-simile du Plan de Jean de La Caille - PL. XXIV (p/id 1096:1096)
Series of maps originally drawn by Jean de la Caille, reduced by 1/3 and reprinted on four plates in "Anciens Plans de Paris." The Picpus grounds are depicted on the third plate in the upper right corner of the upper left map fragment.
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Paris en 1728 - Fac-simile du Plan de l'Abbé Jean Delagrive (p/id 1097:1097)
Map originally entitled, "Nouveau Plan de Paris et ses Faubourgs dresé sur la Meridienne de l'Observatoire levé geometriquement par M. L'Abbé Delagrive" Single plate from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1731 - Fac-simile du Plan de Roussel (p/id 1098:1098)
Map originally entitled, "Paris ses fauxbourgs et ses environs où se trouve le détail des villages, châteaux, grands chemins pagez et autres des hauteurs, bois, vignes, terres, et prez, levez, géometriquement." Two plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris de 1734 à 1739 - Fac-simile dit Plan de Louis Bretez dit Plan de Turgot (p/id 1099:1099)
Map originally entitled, "Plan de Paris" Four plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1763 - Fac-simile du Plan de Deharme (p/id 1100:1100)
Map originally entitled, "Plan de la Ville et Fauxbourgs de Paris" Four plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris en 1775 - Fac-simile du Plan de J.B. Jaillot- P.L. XXX (p/id 1101:1101)
Map originally entitled, "Nouveau Plan de la Ville et Fauxbourgs de Paris." Four plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Paris de 1789 à 1798 - Fac-simile du Plan de P. Verniquet (p/id 1102:1102)
Map originally entitled, "Plan de la Ville de Paris avec sa nouvelle enceinte, Levé Géométriquement sur la Méridienne de l'Observatoire." Six plates from the book "Anciens Plans de Paris."
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Brochure intitulée "Le Jardin de Picpus" (p/id 1194:1194)
Out-of-print 21-page booklet on the history of the Picpus Cemetery, written by Sister M.Magdeleine S. Rougier, ss.cc. and published by Horizons Blancs,Paris, and translated into English by Natalie Edwards, PH.D. in French Literature, Northwestern University
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André Chénier, peint à St. Lazare le 29 Messidor, l'An II (p/id 1195:1195)
Portrait of André Chénier, by DUPONT/ Joseph-Benoît SUVEE
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André Chénier at St Lazare prison (p/id 1196:1196)
André Chénier at St. Lazare prison, by ROBERT.
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Intérieur d'un comité révolutionnaire sous le régime de la Terreur (p/id 1197:1197)
Engraving; Depiction of the interior of a revolutionary committee, 1793 and 1794, or Years II and III of the Republic.
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Cérémonie franco-américaine devant la tombe de Lafayette. (p/id 1198:1198)
Fourth-of-July Ceremony led by General de Chambrun at Picpus, prior to his death in 1962.
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L'appel des condamnés (dernières victimes de la Terreur) (p/id 1199:1199)
Engraving of The comdemned being called for execution, André Chénier seated at center.
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L'artiste dans sa prison (p/id 1200:1200)
The artist in his prison: layout of the 2nd and 3rd floors of the prison of the Madelonnettes under the tyranny of Robespierre, during the year 1794, and the interior view of his room.
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La Fayette (p/id 1201:1201)
engraving; a portrait of young general Lafayette with the notation "Bollinger se"
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La Foire du Trône vers 1935 (p/id 1202:1202)
Regular fair taking place at the Place du Trône (today, Place de la Nation) around 1935.
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La Mort de Robespierre, 28 juillet 1794 (p/id 1203:1203)
Engraving titled "La Mort de Robespierre" [Eng. Trans.: "The Death of Robespierre"] depicting Robespierre at the guillotine, with captions written in French and English.
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Plan, vue cavalière de la rue de Picpus (p/id 1204:1204)
View of picpus (pic-puce) from old map (de la Caille) ca. 1714
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La dernière charrette, Révolution de 1789 (p/id 1205:1205)
Engraving; Drawing by Raffet; Engraving by Beyer
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Portrait de Jean-Antoine Roucher, l'auteur du Poème des Mois, à l'âge de 30 ans. (p/id 1206:1206)
Portrait of Jean-Antoine Roucher at the age of 30, by PUJOS
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Vue de l'entrée de la barrière du Trône ou de Vincennes, faubourg St. Antoine (p/id 1207:1207)
Engraving by Chapuis/Garbizza of the "barrière du Trône" which later became "Place du Trône" and later "Place de la Nation"
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Plaque à la mémoire du personnel de la Fondation de Rothschild arrêtés pendant 1940 - 1945. (p/id 1208:1208)
Memorial plaque to the memory of Rothschild Foundation personnel who were arrested and disappeared during 1940- 1945.
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Plaque à la mémoire du personnel de l'hôpital de Rothschild arrêté pendant l'Occupation. (p/id 1209:1209)
Plaque to memorialize the personnel of the Rothschild Hospital that were arrested during the German occupation
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Plaque à la mémoire des déportés de l'hôpital de Rothschild de 1942 à 1944 (p/id 1210:1210)
Memorial plaque to the memory of the victims of the hospital who were arrested between 1942 and 1944.
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Ancienne entrée de l'hôpital Rothschild (p/id 1211:1211)
Former main entrance of the Rothschild Hospital
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Vue de l'entrée de l'hôpital Rothschild donnant sur la cour de l'hôpital. (p/id 1212:1212)
View through the former entry of the Rothschild hospital into the courtyard.
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Vue du Pavillion II de l'intérieur de l'hôpital Rothschild (p/id 1213:1213)
View of Pavilion II from inside the Rothschild Hospital
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Plaque commémorative du bombardement de l'hôpital Rothschild en 1918. (p/id 1214:1214)
Plaque commemorating the bombardment of the Rothschild Hospital in 1918.
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Vue du bâtiment XI (11) à l'hôpital de Rothschild (p/id 1215:1215)
Building 11 at the Rothschild Hospital was originally conceived to function as the hospital laundry facility. The current hospital laundry still resides in this building.
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Vue des bâtiments XI (11) et X (10) à l'hôpital de Rothschild (p/id 1216:1216)
Building 10 functions as the hospital laundry facility. Bulding 10 is seen in the distance as a white and amber brick structure with white shutters. Simon Schwartz once lived in building 10.
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Jardin de fleurs à l'hôpital de Rothschild (p/id 1217:1217)
A roof of a tomb at Picpus can be seen from a rose garden at the Rothschild Hospital The roof is behind a wall at the left of the Photograph.
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Espaces verts à l'hôpital de Rothschild (p/id 1218:1218)
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Allées à l'hôpital de Rothschild (p/id 1219:1219)
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Paulette Szlifke SARCEY relisant son nom dans les registres de l'hôpital de Rothschild en 2004. (p/id 1220:1220)
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Metro plaque: Nation une place renversante (p/id 1224:1224)
This plaque, found at the Métro station "Hôtel de Ville" is one of many depicting the significant histories surrounding the environment of important Métro stations. This plaque details historical points of the "Place de la Nation" served by the Metro station "Nation."
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Telex envoyé à Adolph Eichmann (p/id 1226:1226)
Scan of microfilm print; copy of the routine cable, or telex, sent to Eichmann; February 12, 1943
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Page du registre d'enfants à l'orphelinat de Rothschild (p/id 1227:1227)
Scan of microfilm reprint. Includes mention of Hedwige Plaut.
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Page du registre d'admissions à l'orphelinat de Rothschild (p/id 1228:1228)
Scan of microfilm reprint. Includes mention of Hedwige Plaut.
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Lettre à Dr. KOUCHNER de Pr. LERICHE de l'Ordre National des Médecins concernant son inscription au Tableau du départment. (p/id 1229:1229)
Scan of letter written by Mr. Leriche to Dr. Kouchner, concerning his application to practice medecine. This letter, from "l'Ordre National des Médecins" [National Order of Doctors] rejects his application to the board.
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Personnel de l'hôpital de Rothschild (DRUCKER, WEISMANN, LOBELSON et al.) au Pavillon chirurgical (p/id 1172:1172)
A group photograph of Rothschild doctors and nurses taken sometime after the war in the Surgery Pavilion. Some of them were either aware of or participated in resistance activities at the hospital itself. They are identified below with their status at Rothschild during the war: Top row, third from left: Michel Lobelson, intern Top row, second from right: Jean Weismann, intern Weismann was instrumental in the May 1, 1943 escape of Gouzien, a resistance fighter who had been caught with plans of the German telephone network in France. Because he was severely beaten, he was taken to Rothschild. Among Lobelson’s clandestine activities, he helped prisoners escape and transmitted messages to and from incarcerated Jews. Also identified is Abraham Drucker: Top row, first from left. Alois Brunner in September 1943 left Drancy for Nice to oversee the roundups of Jews in the southern zone, particularly in the area around Nice and the Côte d’Azur. Drucker, arrested in April 1942 and interned at Drancy, was chosen to set up an infirmary at Brunner’s headquarters at the Hotel Excelsior.
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Jeunes filles à l'orphelinat de Rothschild (p/id 1173:1173)
Orphan names unknown. ca. 1942.
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Tombe de la famille Alexandre ALEKHINE, Cimetière Montparnasse (p/id 1251:1251)
Grave site of Александр АЛЕХИН (Alexandre Alekhine), world chess champion (1927-1935; 1937-1946); and wife, Grace Alekhine, born as Wishar.
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Tombe de Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky) et de Juliet Browner Man Ray; Cimetière Montparnasse (p/id 1252:1252)
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untitled (p/id 3000:7002)
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Memo concernant une lettre de "La Cocarde Blanche," adressée à Darquier de PELLEPOIX (p/id 1330:1330)
Memo from the Commissariat Général aux Questions Juives (CGQJ) to the Directeur du Contrôle de l'UGIF concerning denunciation letters signed "La Cocarde Blanche, Marie-Françoise l'anti-Juive", addressed to Darquier de Pellepoix
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March 1943 second denunciation letter signed La Cocarde Blanche, addressed to Darquier de Pellepoix (p/id 1332:1332)
A four-page letter addressed to Darquier de Pellepoix from La Cocarde Blanche in March 1943, identifying the Rothschild Hospital as a potential hiding place for foreign Jews. La Cocarde Blanche insists that the goods of the Hospital be seized for resale, and that foreign Jews in the institution should no longer have legitimation cards issued by the UGIF.
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Rothschild Hospital état-nominatif, personnel list May 14, 1943 (p/id 1333:1333)
This roster of the personnel of the Rothschild Foundation was updated and completed on May 14, 1943. It was included as an attachement in the May 20, 1943 report on the Foundation, carried out by the "Section d'Enquête et de Contrôle" of the Commissariat Général aux Questions Juives (CGQJ) ("Inquiry and Control Division" of the "High Commission on Jewish Questions") (Document 1334). It reveals that a majority of the personnel is not Jewish. It is organized by "profession and ethnic character."
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May 20, 1943 Rothschild Foundation report by the Section d'Enquête et de Contrôle (SEC) at the Commissariat Général aux Questions Juives (CGQJ) (p/id 1334:1334)
This report, dated May 20, 1943, describes the internal organization and administrative operations of the Rothschild Foundation, particularly noting the relationships between Aryans and Jews in the Foundation's three organizations (Orphanage, Hospice, Hospital), and the lack of separation between them. The report concludes that the General Director, M. DUPIN, should be the object of reprimand for not being able to prove that the furniture of an apartment belongs to the Foundation (and should therefore not be seized by the German authorities as Jewish goods). It further concludes that an inventory of this furniture be conducted, likely for the purpose of seizing it for having belonged to the escaped former director HALFON.
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June 2, 1943 letter from Le Préfet de la Seine to Monsieur le Comissaire Général aux Questions Juives, concerning Rothschild Hospice costs (p/id 1335:1335)
In this letter from June 2, 1943, the Préfet de Police informs the Commissaire Général aux Questions Juives that the expenses assosicated with treating elderly patients sent back from the Drancy concentration camp to the hospice should be paid by the State, since it results from orders of the occupying authorities.
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Document intitulé: "Etat des internés âgés de plus de 70 ans et devant être hospitalisés dans un Asile de Vieillards, sur ordre de M . Heinrichsohn (Autorités Allemandes)." (p/id 1336:1336)
Two-page document dated August 25, 1942: register of interns older than 70 years at Drancy to be hospitalized.
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November 6 - 11, 1942, Rothschild Hospice register, designated by Heinrichson (p/id 1337:1337)
Source: Serge Klarsfeld. This is document DLIX-7 at the CDJC archives and LA 13988 and LA 139899 at the archives of the Ministère des Anciens Combattants (Ministry of War Veterans). Original is in French.
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October 31, 1942, R.F. SS telex from Röthke (p/id 1338:1338)
This letter dated October 31, 1942, calls for the arrangement of three trains to leave Drancy, passing via Mosel and then Metz, to arrive at Aushwitz. Röthke predicts that 3000 Jews can be transported, and arranges for three departure dates.
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November 5, 1942, R.F. SS telex from Röthke (p/id 1339:1339)
This letter from November 5, 1942, announces that 1100 Greek Jews have been arrested in Paris, and that a fourth train will be necessary to take them to Auschwitz from Drancy.
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November 7, 1942, R.F. SS telex authorizing November 11, 1942 convoy to Auschwitz. (p/id 1340:1340)
Telegram dated November 7, 1942. It is from Guenther of IV B4 RSHA in Berlin to Helmut Knochen in Paris. This document authorizes the November 11, 1942 convoy of Jews to Auschwitz.
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November 11, 1942 R.F. SS telex from Röthke (p/id 1341:1341)
This letter from November 11, 1942, confirms the departure of 745 Jews from Drancy to Auschwitz, following the arrests of 1100 Jews of Greek origin earlier that month.
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Deposition of Mr. Salomon: "La Vie au cours des années 1942-1943-1944" [Life in in 1942-1943-1944] (p/id 1342:1342)
Document of Mr. Salomon's deposition from the Trial against Brunner, Alois; French Military Court; provided by Serge Klarsfeld. From the archives at the Ministère des Anciens Combattants (Ministry of War Veterans).
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Chronologie der Rolle Heinrichsohns in der Deportation der 33 Greise am 11 November 1942 (p/id 1343:1343)
Four-page document entitled "Chronologie der Rolle Heinrichsohns in der Deportation der 33 Greise am 11 November 1942."
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"Sous le signe de l'étoile", "Stepchildren of France", extraits (p/id 1344:1344)
Excerpts from "Sous le signe de l’étoile" by Charles Reine (Charles Odic). Brentano’s Inc. 1945. pp 146-149. and from English translation “Stepchildren of France.’ Translation by Henry Noble Hall. Roy Publishers. New York. 1945
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Lettre de M. Salamon, Directeur de l'hospice Rothschild, au sécrétaire générale de l'U.G.I.F. (p/id 1345:1345)
scan of microfilm copy of July 22, 1943 letter concerning the disappearance of Maria FREUND.
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The Mantle of Elijah: The Martyrs of Compiègne as Prophets of Modern Age (p/id 5113:10098)
  E-Text
Extrait du "Journal de Marya Freund" (p/id 1346:1346)
Excerpt from "Le Journal de Marya Freund", which appears as Appendix 1 of Dodascalies: Ma chronique du XXe siècle, the autobiography of Doda Conrad.
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Rothschild Orphanage register of male interns March 1, 1943 - September 3, 1944, cover page (p/id 1347:1347)
This document is an example of the Registry of male orphans and male interns at the Rothschild Orphanage (March 1, 1943 - September 3, 1944).
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"Départ du 23 juillet 1943" (p/id 1348:1348)
scan of microfilm document; Rothschild Orphanage departure register July 23, 1943, including name PESSAH
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"Acte de Disparition", 18 février 1957 (p/id 1349:1349)
scan of microfilm copy of "Acte de Disparition" [missing, presumed dead] memo dated February 18, 1957, concerning PESSAH.
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Fiche de déportation, Jacob PESSAH, 31 juillet, 1943 (p/id 1350:1350)
Scan of photocopy of printed deportation card.
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Jacob PESSAH, Permis d'Exercice de Maïtrise en Pharmacie (p/id 1351:1351)
This is a copy of Jacob Pessah’s Maîtrise en Pharmacie (Masters in Pharmacy) from the Faculté Impériale de Médecine, in Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey, dated August 12, 1889, which allowed Pessah to practice pharmacy anywhere in the Ottoman Empire. It is noteworthy that the document is in Turkish and French. French was the language of choice for the bourgeois and elite families of many of the countries along the eastern Mediterranean. Salonika, which as Pessah’s home, had chosen the French education system, which was adopted largely due to the efforts of the Alliance Israélite Universelle. Michel Yaeche related that his grandparents’ French was impeccable.
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Dialogues des Carmélites (p/id 5114:10099)
An opera of three acts scored by Francis Poulenc, based on a screenplay by Georges Bernanos. This performance was translated into vernacular English, adapted, and performed by students of the Northwestern University School of Music.
Act I Video
Dialogues des Carmélites (p/id 5114:10100)
An opera of three acts scored by Francis Poulenc, based on a screenplay by Georges Bernanos. This performance was translated into vernacular English, adapted, and performed by students of the Northwestern University School of Music.
Act II Video
Dialogues des Carmélites (p/id 5114:10101)
An opera of three acts scored by Francis Poulenc, based on a screenplay by Georges Bernanos. This performance was translated into vernacular English, adapted, and performed by students of the Northwestern University School of Music.
Act III Video
"Rapports au sujet des déportations d'enfants et de vieillards", 14 octobre 1945 (p/id 1352:1352)
Scan of photocopy of report, retyped in French.
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R.F. SS Telex de RÖTHKE à EICHMANN, 31 juillet 1943 (p/id 1353:1353)
Scan of microfilm photocopy of telex.
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de Baudus, Florence (p/id 5008:10102)
Florence de Baudus explains her connection to the Picpus cemetery.
  Video
February 12, 1943 R.F. SS telex to Eichmann (p/id 1354:1354)
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Registre de garçons à l'orphelinat de Rothschild 1934-1943, le 1 février, 1943 (p/id 1355:1355)
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Geniteau, Marie-Lucie (p/id 5012:10103)
Marie-Lucie Geniteau talks about Picpus and the Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Perpetual Adoration
  Video
Rothschild Orphanage register of girls October 14, 1934-June 19, 1942, written January 1, 1943, cover page (p/id 1356:1356)
Rothschild Orphanage register of girls October 14, 1934-June 19, 1942, written January 1, 1943, cover page
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Registre de filles à l'orphelinat de Rothschild, 1939-1944 (p/id 1357:1357)
Rothschild Orphanage register of girls (2 columns); scan of microfilm photocopy.
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de Noailles, Philippe (p/id 5009:10104)
  Video
October 12, 1942 CGQJ letter to Paris prefect to arrest Mlle ASSON of Rothschild Hospital (p/id 1358:1358)
In this October 12, 1942 letter, the General Commissioner on Jewish Questions accuses Mlle Asson, a supervisor at the Rothschild Hospital, of leading a conspiracy with the patients of the hospital against this organization. He therefore carried out a second visit to the hospital, and closes the letter by urging the Police Prefect to immediately arrest Mlle ASSON and intern her at Drancy. Additionally, he encourages the Prefect to remove any able-bodied patients from the hospital (presumably, to send them to Drancy as well).
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April 11, 1942 letter ordering separation of Jewish interns, from Préfet of the Police F. Bard to the Director of Rothschild Hospital (p/id 1359:1359)
This is a collection of internal memos and notices from the Rothschild Foundation during the Occupation. They outline measures taken by the management to ensure control over the inmates regarding visitors, leaving the grounds, quantity, weight, and inspection of packages and letters, and isolation of Jews from Aryans in the Hospital. One notes through the progression of the Occupation that the control measures implemented by the management come to resemble those of a prison more and more. This would be concurrent with individual testimonies from the Rothschild Hospital, who were able to predict periods of deportation when medical care was not, for all intents and purposes, available to the patients. One also notes a remarkable complacency between the occupying police forces and the management of the Rothschild Foundation and Hospital.
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Hôpital Fondation de Rothschild, Services Hospitaliers (p/id 1360:1360)
This document identifies the services available to patients upon consultation at the Rothshild Hospital, as well as the doctor(s) and staff in charge of them.
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"Le cimetière de Picpus" by Michel POISSON, Association du souvenir de Picpus, page 72 (p/id 1361:1361)
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Les Dernières Victimes de la Terreur (p/id 1362:1362)
A collection of essays compiled in a book printed for the 200th anniversary of the Picpus Cemetery. Includes essays on style and dress during the Revolution, the revolutionary tribunal, literary men and the Revolution, and the purchase of the Picpus grounds during the 19th century.
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Fourth of July/Lafayette Celebration (p/id 5002:10106)
Annual celebration of Lafayette, Picpus Cemetery, July 4, 1999. American Ambassador Felix Rohatyn speaks.
  Video
untitled (p/id 1363:1363)
Letter from Constance Quesnet to Bourdon (Comité de Sûreté Générale) lobbying for the release of Sade, dated October 11, 1 794.
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UNKNOWN (p/id 1364:1364)
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UNKNOWN (p/id 1365:1365)
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Citoyen Sade au Comité de sureté générale (p/id 1367:1367)
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untitled (p/id 3008:7006)
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untitled (p/id 3009:7007)
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untitled (p/id 5000:10005)
  Video
Brull-Ulmann, Colette Part II (at hospital) (p/id 5015:10007)
  Video
Halioua, Bruno (p/id 5016:10012)
Dr. Bruno Halioua speaks about the French medical profession under the German occupation and the role of Rothschild Hospital
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Lafayette's Career and Historical Significance (p/id 5037:10028)
Article written by Lloyd Kramer, Professor of history at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill and author of "Lafayette in Two Worlds" 1996 The University of North Carolina Press.
  E-Text
The Maison Coignard at Picpus: (p/id 5038:10029)
  E-Text
Rothschild : The Rothschild Hospital (p/id 5039:10030)
First chapter of a three-chapter research paper written by Professor Anne Landau, Northwestern University.
  E-Text
Rothschild : Roundups and Arrests (p/id 5040:10031)
  E-Text
Rothschild: Escapes and Resistance (p/id 5041:10032)
  E-Text
Rothschild: Epilogue (p/id 5042:10033)
  E-Text
Rothschild: Bibliography (p/id 5043:10034)
  E-Text
Picpus, French Revolution: Bibliography (p/id 5044:10035)
  E-Text
Rosencher, Lise (p/id 5020:10008)
Lise Rosencher speaks about her deaf-mute aunt who was a patient in the maternity ward of Rotshchild Hospital before being deported with her newborn and other child.
  Video
Roucher, André (p/id 5014:10010)
André Roucher speaks of his ancestor, the poet Jean-Antoine Roucher, guillotined with his fellow poet, André Chénier.
  Video
Halioua, Bruno (p/id 5016:10011)
Dr. Bruno Halioua speaks about the French medical profession under the German occupation and the role of Rothschild Hospital
  Video
Plaut, Hedwidge (and Paul Delcampe) (p/id 5019:10014)
Hedwidge Plaut , the only child to have escaped from being caught in a raid by the French police at the Rothschild Orphanage, speaks about her childhood and her flight to freedom to Switzerland.
  Video
De La Fayette à Pershing (p/id 1001:1001)
Book entitled "From La Fayette to Pershing"; Compilation of images and texts.
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Les mois, poème en douze chants, par Roucher (p/id 1002:1002)
Jean-Antoine Roucher was a poet who is best known for Les Mois, a 12-verse poem describing the months of the year. He was guillotined in July 1794 and buried in the fosse commune of the Picpus cemetery.
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André Chénier ; opera in four acts / music by Umberto Giordano ; libretto by Luigi Illica. (p/id 1003:1003)
1896 Opera, Libretto in Italian and English on opposite page
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Les Misérables, Tome II, livre cinquième: "A chasse noire meute muette" (p/id 1004:1004)
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"Visiteurs du 12 février au 9 mars, 1944" (p/id 1005:1005)
This is a 36-page document; the title page Visiteurs du 12 février au 9 mars, 1944, is jotted down on a Rothschild Hospices Expenditure Statement. The document covers the period from February 12, 1944 to March 9, 1944. The remainder of the document is on J. Galenter business stationery. This is the only document in the set to have a few typewritten pages in addition to the manuscripted pages.
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"Pensionnaires UGIF, présences à l'hôpital 1942-1944" (p/id 1006:1006)
Notebook entitled "Pensionnaires UGIF, présences à l'hôpital" [English trans. "UGIF Inpatients, Presence at the Hospital"]; 1942-1944
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Demandes d'admission (p/id 1007:1007)
End of notebook entitled "Pensionnaires UGIF, présences à l'hôpital" [English trans. "UGIF Inpatients, Presence at the Hospital"]; 1942-1944
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"Cahier de visites nº 2 [1943-1944]" (p/id 1008:1008)
This is a notebook titled "Cahier de visites nº 2" [Translation: Notebook of vistors"] from the Rothschild Hospice. The log spans the years 1943-1944.
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Cahier de visites nº 2 — continuation (p/id 1009:1009)
Unlabeled notebook, a continuation of "Cahier des visites nº2" [English Trans. "Visitor log nº2"]; 1944
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"Hospice 76 rue Picpus, Cahier de visites, I 1943-1944" (p/id 1010:1010)
Notebook entitled "Hospice 76 rue Picpus, Cahier de visites, I 1943-1944" [English Trans. "Visitor log I"];
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Hospice Rothschild, [Cahier de visites] nº 3 (p/id 1011:1011)
Notebook containing visitor logs for the Rothschild Hospice, labeled "nº 3"; cover bears printed design of agricultural activity in a field and the text, "Au travail" [English translation: "To work!"] indicating that this is a notebook originally intended for academic schoolwork.
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"Cahier de visites, II bis" December 1943 to February 1944 (p/id 1012:1012)
Notebook entitled "Cahier des visites" [English Trans. "Visitor log"], "II bis"; December 1943 to February 1944
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Handwritten visitor logs jotted on J. Galanter & Co. letterhead (recto); loose sheets; February 3, 1944 to February 20, 1944. (p/id 1013:1013)
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"Geburtsurkunde", Carolina Berg (p/id 1014:1014)
"Geburtsurkunde" [English translation: "Birth Certificate"] for Carolina Berg dated January 9, 1861
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Tombe de la famille Le Peletier de Rosanbo (p/id 1105:1105)
Tomb of the Rosanbo Family, Picpus Cemetery The Rosanbo family descends from Malsherbe, the lawyer who defended Louis XVI and was later guillotined. He is the forbearer of an illustrious family related to Chateaubriand and Tocqueville. In recent years, the family has been denied the right to repurpose their large family plot , consolidating the bones, so as to permit future burial.
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Sépulture de la famille Montmorency (p/id 1106:1106)
Sepulcre of the Montmorency family, Picpus Cemetery.
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Tombe de la femme de Louis Antoine Henri de BOURBON CONDE, Duc d'Enghien (p/id 1107:1107)
Grave of the wife of Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon Conde, Duke of Enghien, Picpus Cemetery Grave of Princess Charlotte de Rohan-Rochefort , who was secretly married to Louis Antoine Henri de BOURBON CONDE, Duc d'Enghien, who was executed by a firing squad in the moat of the Vincennes castle, on 20 March 1804. according to a legend, his heart is buried in her grave. Bonaporte considered him an obstacle to his proclamation as Emperor.
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Tombe du Baron Hubert de Tocqueville (p/id 1108:1108)
Tomb of Baron Hubert de TOCQUEVILLE, born 7 February 1832, died 28 August 1863
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Jardin de Picpus, vue d'une allée (p/id 1109:1109)
This photo represents a summertime view of the Picpus Gardens. This walkway proceeds towards the cemetery and mass grave, from this point of view, ahead and to the right.
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untitled (p/id 1:1)
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Manifestation contre Maurice Papon, Paris, juin 2004 (p/id 1110:1110)
Protest against Maurice Papon, Paris, June 2004. This protest, led by "Les Fils et Filles des Deportés Juifs de France" [Sons and Daughters of the Deported Jews of France] was staged outside a trial to determine the fitness of Maurice Papon to continue serving his sentence at the Santé Prison. Papon was originally sentenced to ten years imprisonment in 1998, for crimes against humanity.
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Photographs taken at Château de Lagrange-Bléneau [English Trans. "Lagrange Castle"]; July 2004 (p/id 1111:1111)
Photos taken at Lagrange castle, home of Lafayette upon his return form exile in 1799 until his death in 1834.. The Josée et René de Chambrun Foundation , owner of Lagrange, only permits exterior photos. Adrienne de Noailles, wife of Lafayette, had inherited the Lagrange castle and its grounds which belonged to her family. Lafayette's properties had been confiscated when he emigrated. Lagrange was the only estate that still belonged to them.
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Cimetière de Courpalay: Tombes de William Clarke Somerville , de Léontine Emilie Lafayette et d' Adrienne Laure de Lasteyrie (p/id 1112:1112)
This small community cemetery located in the village situated near the Lagrange castle holds the graves of William Clarke Somerville, an American statesman, Léontine Emilie Lafayette, and Adrienne Laure de Lasteyrie.
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Plaque Commémorative: "Comte Michel de NADAILLAC" (p/id 1122:1122)
Plaque on the wall at Picpus commemorating Michel de Nadaillac who died in a deportation camp of Ellrich Dora in 1944
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Plaque Commemorative: "Jean Marie Philibert Victurnien, Marquis De LAGUICHE" et "Claude Pascal Marie De LAGUICHE" (p/id 1123:1123)
Plaque for Jean Marie Philibert Victurnien De Laguiche who died in deportation in 1945 and his son, Claude Pascal Marie De Laguiche, who died in combat with General Leclerc in 1944.
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Plaque Commemorative: "Comte Maurice de JACQUELOT du BOISROUVRAY" (p/id 1124:1124)
Plaque for Jacquelot de Boisrouvray who died in air combat in Africa in 1941.
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Plaque commemorative: "Jean de NOAILLES, Duc d'AYEN" et "Adrien-Maurice de NOAILLES" (p/id 1125:1125)
Plaque for Jean de Noailles, Duc d'Ayen, War Cross 1918, deported to Germany 1942, Buchenwald and other camps, died at Belsen 1945 On the same plaque his only son, Adrien de Noailles: War Cross 1944, died in combat at age 19 in 1944.
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Plaque Commemorative: "François Joseph Théodule Armand de GRAMMONT" (p/id 1126:1126)
Plaque at the Picpus Cemetery commemorating François Joseph Théodule Armand, Marquis de Grammont who was captain of the 67th infantry regiment, and who was captured at Villersexel in 1944 and who died at the Dachau deportation camp in 1945.
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Plaque Commemorative: "Comte Jacques Arthur Marc de MONTALEMBERT" (p/id 1127:1127)
Plaque located at Picpus Cemetery commemorating Count Jacques Arthur Marc de Montalembert, Lieutenant in the French and British armies, who died at the Mauthausen concentration camp, in 1944.
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Plaque Commemorative: "Anne, Princesse de BAUFFREMONT COURTENAY" (p/id 1128:1128)
Memorial to Princess Anne de Bauffremont Courtenay, affixed to a wall of the Picpus Cemetery. Princess Anne died at the Ravensbrück concentration camp in 1945.
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Picpus: Ensemble de plaques commémoratives des morts de la deuxième guerre mondiale. (p/id 1129:1129)
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Tombe des fondateurs de la Congrégation des Sacrés Coeurs de Jesus et de Marie, Picpus (p/id 1130:1130)
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Plaque commémorative: "Charles de FORBIN JANSON" (p/id 1131:1131)
Plaque commemorating Charles de Forbin Janson, Bishop of Nancy and Toul, Founder of "L'Œuvre de la Sainte Enfance" [The Work of the Holy Childhood], league for the protection of children during the 19th Century.
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grave yard (p/id 1132:1132)
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Tombe de la famille MERODE, Picpus (p/id 1133:1133)
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Tombe de "Joannes Ludovicus D'ASTIER", à Picpus (p/id 1134:1134)
The latin inscription of this tomb reads "Hic jacet Joannes Ludovicus d'Astier" or "Here lies Jean Ludovic d'Astier"
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Tombes de la "Famille PARIS", à Picpus (p/id 1139:1139)
These are the graves of Mr. André Paris, and his wife, maiden name "de la Sauvagerie." André PARIS, descendant of André PARIS, stableman of duc de BRISSAC and his son, François PARIS, both in mass grave. André's daughter followed the bodies to the "hole in the Wall" and later led the Noailles sisters to the mass grave where their grandmother, mother & sister were buried.
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Tombe de "Louise Marie GOSSIN", à Picpus (p/id 1140:1140)
Louise Marie Gossin, wife or descendant of Pierre François Gossin, who is in the mass grave at Picpus.
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Tombe de la "Famille de LÉVIS", à Picpus (p/id 1141:1141)
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Tombe de "Aymard Claude de NICOLAY" et "Aymard Pierre Georges Marquis de NICOLAY", à Picpus (p/id 1142:1142)
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"Sépulture de la famille LEVIS de MIREPOIX", à Picpus (p/id 1143:1143)
Tomb of the LEVIS de MIREPOIX family, at Picpus
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Épitaphe illisible sur une tombe à Picpus (p/id 1145:1145)
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Tombe de la "Famille de PEYRONNET", à Picpus (p/id 1146:1146)
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Tombe portant l'inscription "Descendance de François Gabriel de SALIGNAC, Vicomte de la Mothe FENELON", à Picpus (p/id 1148:1148)
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Tombe de Françoise Pauline de LAMOIGNON MALESHERBES, Baronne de MONTBOISSIER, à Picpus (p/id 1150:1150)
This tomb also holds the remains of the relatives and descendants of the LE PELETIER DESFORTS family.
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Tombes de la famille LE PELETIER de ROSANBO, à Picpus (p/id 1151:1151)
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Tombes de la famille LE PELETIER ROSANBO de TOCQUEVILLE (p/id 1152:1152)
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Tombes de la famille NOAILLES, à Picpus (p/id 1154:1154)
Grave markers of the NOAILLES family, bearing the names of 5 family members buried in the mass grave: the Marshall Philippe de Noailles de Mouchy; Anne Claudine Louise d'Arpajon de Mouchy; Catherine Françoise Charlotte de Cosse-Brissac de Noailles; Anne Louise Henriette d'Aguesseau, Duchess of Ayen; Anne Jean-Baptiste Pauline Louise Adrienne de Noailles, Viscountess of Noailles.
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Tombe des descendants de Charles-Amable, Marquis de LAGUICHE (p/id 1157:1157)
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Sépulture de la Famille MONTMORENCY (p/id 1158:1158)
Tomb of the Montmorency family; buildings of the Rothschild Hospital are visible in the background behind the wall of the Picpus Cemetery.
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Tombe portant l'inscription "À la mémoire de Charlotte Henriette Clémentine, Princesse de ROHAN ROCHEFORT, Marquise de QUERRIEU" (p/id 1159:1159)
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Tombe d'Agathe Clémentine Michelle DUVAL D'EPREMESNIL, Marquise de NOGARET de CALVISSON et de Michele Augustine THILORIER, Baronne de BATZ" (p/id 1160:1160)
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View of the Picpus Cemetery (p/id 1161:1161)
View of the Picpus Cemetery, from the Southwest corner looking to the Northeast. Large grey buildings of the Rothschild hospital are visible behind the walls of the cemetery. The entry to the mass grave enclosure lies at the end of the long center alley between the graves.
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Affiches politiques collées sur un panneau près de la station de métro "Bel Air" en 2004. (p/id 1231:1231)
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"Extrait du registre des audiences", Catherine Françoise de Noailles, Catherine Dominique de Noailles, et al. (p/id 1021:1021)
This is an extract from the court proceedings of several individuals on trial at once. Among others, the mother, sister and grandmother of Adrienne de Noailles were found guilty of conspiracy in the Luxembourg Prison , and were guillotined thermidor 4 on the Place du Trone then buried in the second mass grave at Picpus.
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Indictment of Baudus, père (p/id 1022:1022)
From AN/W406.937 Dossier relating to Death sentence of Baudus,père issued on 7 thermidor. Includes indictment, letter from concerned citizen to the tribunal, and a letter written by Baudus to a nun, seized by the accusator as evidence. In his letter Baudus writes that he prays for the welfare of the King.
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Lettre de l'accusateur public du tribunal de Cahors à l'accusateur public du tribunal révolutionnaire de Paris,annonçant le transfert à Paris de 3 prévenus. Baudus sera rajouté à la liste des prisonniers. (p/id 1023:1023)
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Affaire de la conspiration à la prison du Luxembourg- pièces du jugement du 21 Messidor An II (p/id 1024:1024)
July 9, 1794 50 prisoners of Luxembourg were found guilty of conspiracy and condemned to death , except for a 14 year old boy who was given a 2-year jail sentence.
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L'acte d'achat du terrain de l'ancien domaine des Chanoinesses de St. Augustin, qui deviendra le cimetière de Picpus. (p/id 1025:1025)
Records from the Notary Public, the Minutier Central de Paris for the purchase act of Picpus Cemetery by 11 shareholders.
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Procès Verbal de ROUCHER, CHÉNIER, autres. (p/id 1233:1233)
Trial Proceedings concerning Roucher, Chénier, et al. All twenty-seven accused are found guilty and condemned to death by the judges and jury.
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Hôpital Rothschild à la libération de Paris (p/id 1026:1026)
Photographs showing the Rothschild Hospital at the time of the Liberation of Paris.
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Étoile de David, en tissu, portant le mot "Juif" (p/id 1027:1027)
Jewish star in yellow cloth, as to be worn by all Jews in the Occupied Zone in compliance with German Ordinance 8, May 29, 1942
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Carte du Combattant de Colette BRULL ULMANN (p/id 1234:1234)
Identification card issued by the "Office National des anciens combattants et victimes de la guerre" [National Office of former combattants and victims of the war] to Colette Brull Ulmann.
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Carte d'immatriculation à la faculté de médecine à l'Université de Paris, Colette BRULL (p/id 1235:1235)
student identity card (carte d’immatriculation) for Colette Brull at the Faculté de Médecine in Paris
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Carte d'identité au nom de Colette BRULE (p/id 1236:1236)
Identity card for "Colette Jacqueline Raymonde Brule." The last name is both written and signed by the holder with a variant spelling of "Brull" as "Brule"
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Carte d'identité au nom de "Colette MOSNIER" (p/id 1237:1237)
Identity card for "Colette Jacqueline Raymonde Mosnier." The last name is both written and signed by the holder (Colette Brull) with the false last name of Mosnier, instead of Brull.
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Carte d'identité de "Jacques ULMANN" (p/id 1238:1238)
identity card issued to Jacques Ulmann in October 1940 in Paris
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Carte d'identité d' "André Jacques URBAIN" (p/id 1239:1239)
This document is a forged identity card for Jacques Ulmann issued to "André Jacques Urbain" January 4, 1944 in Lyon.
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Carte d'identité au nom de "Jacques-André HANNAUX" (p/id 1240:1240)
Forged identity card for Jacques Ulmann, here identified as "Jacques-André Hannaux".
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Attestation d'appartenance aux F.F.C.; Colette Brull (p/id 1241:1241)
A membership attestation for Colette Brull in the F.F.C ("Forces françaises combattantes") [French combattant forces]
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Citation à Colette BRULL du Général de GAULE, comportant l'attribution de la Croix de Guerre avec une étoile d'argent (p/id 1242:1242)
Citation from General de Gaule to Colette Brull for patriotism in her struggle against the enemy.
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Letter to Colette BRULL from U.S. War department (p/id 1243:1243)
Letter from F,J, Tate, Military Attaché to the U.S. Embassy in Paris, with envelope postmarked July 3, 1947, expressing gratitude for giving medical care to American soldiers in France during World War II.
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Pressing Picpus, Paris (12), France (p/id 1244:1244)
Photograph of facade of local laundering, drycleaning, and pressing business in Picpus neighborhood of 12th arrondissement of Paris.
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flower (p/id 1247:1247)
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Gisèle Pierronet (p/id 1248:1248)
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Carté d'identité du personnel hospitalier au nom de Claire HEYMANN; Duplicata (p/id 1169:1169)
a photo identity card of Claire Heymann; it identifies her as Social Worker at the Rothschild Hospital. The identity card, dated August 12, 1959, is stamped twice: 1) Hôpital Rothschild, and 2) Hôpital Rothschild-Administration Générale de l’Assistance Publique. A change in proprietorship is noted. From its inauguration in 1952 to1954, the Rothschild Foundation had operated as a private charitable institution. A decision was made to gift the Hospital to Assistance Publique and incorporate it into the vast system of Public Aid Hospitals. Ceremonially, this was accomplished in 1954 when Guy de Rothschild accepted one franc in a symbolic gesture. In the agreement, the Foundation was promised that the Rothschild Hospital would continue to accept Jews, and that all hospital personnel would retain their position. The Rothschilds recognized early in the social service movement the possibilities of hospital social services to complement medical care. In 1921 Baroness Edmond de Rothschild organized the first social services at the Foundation. The value of offering social guidance to patients was so apparent that soon every public and private hospital in Paris followed Rothschild’s example. Before the second war, social services at Rothschild supervised the works of social workers at all Paris hospitals. Claire Heymann, therefore, had contacts in place when she needed them. Claire Heymann came to Rothschild on March 1, 1932. By the late 1930s Heymann, working with the Baroness Robert de Rothschild and Dr. Zadoc-Kahn, was deeply involved in the Kindertransport, the operation that rescued German and Austrian Jewish children. During the German Occupation, she set up the escape network operating from the hospital that untold numbers of infants and children, adults and resistance members used. She died in the late 1990s at the Rothschild Home for the Aged, the former Hospice on the rue de Picpus which had been a prison for Jewish elderly during the war.
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Personnel médical de l'hôpital de Rothschild dans le parc de l'hôpital (p/id 1170:1170)
a group photograph of Rothschild doctors and nurses taken sometime after the war. Some were either aware of or participated in resistance activities at the hospital itself. They are identified below with their status at Rothschild during the war: Bottom row, far left: Marie Schilli, head nurse Bottom row, fourth from left: Dr. Michel Lobelson, intern Bottom row, middle: Dr. Paul Isch-Wall, head of general medecine Bottom row, far right: Dr. Jean Weismann, intern Second row, third from left: Dr. Simone Perel, dentist Second row, fourth from right: Désirée Damengout, head nurse
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Claire HEYMANN (photographie) (p/id 1171:1171)
photograph of Rothschild Hospital social worker Claire Heymann during the Liberation of the XIIth arrondissement. She is standing at the barricade at the corner of the rue Santerre and the rue de Picpus. More than two dozen barricades were erected in the XIIth. The hospital was liberated August 19, 1944. Fighting subsided in the XIIth August 22, 1944. Paris was liberated August 25, 1944. Claire Heymann organized and led a remarkable escape network operating from the Hospital that saved countless numbers of Jewish infants and children, adults and resistance fighters. The extent of her clandestine network may never be fully known. A few of the principals have been identified: Red Cross social worker and friend, Annette Monod, gathered intelligence, as did Commissioner Loveréat of the XII arrondissement. Frédéric Joliot-Curie produced counterfeit documents at his laboratory at the Sorbonne; Heymann’s cousin Jacques Dennery, himself a leader of MUR (Mouvement Uni de la Résistance) provided forged papers as well. The mayor of the XIIth arrondissement provided food ration tickets. Two priests, Abbé Ménardais of Chalmaison and Abbé Jouan of the XIIth arrondissement, signed false baptism certificates and found families and convents to take in wanted Jewish children. Ménardais even placed Jewish children directly with Public Aid orphanages. Heymann herself stole official stamps from the police checkpoint at the hospital, falsified registers, organized passers, smuggled children. She was aided at Rothschild by many, among them, Maria Errazuriz, a wealthy Chilean social worker, arrested, tortured, and freed; Simon Schwartz, pharmacy intern, forger of false identity cards; Michel Lobelson, intern, smuggler of intelligence and people; Colette Brull-Ulmann, intern, smuggler of infants. Claire Heymann was homologated Sergeant in the Forces Françaises Combattantes (Fighting French Forces) for her service from September 1, 1943 to September 9, 1944; the Réseau Plutus was her network. After the war, Claire Heymann worked tirelessly to reunite families or find homes for orphans. She remained at Rothschild until her death in the 1990s at the Rothschild Home for the Elderly, on the rue de Picpus. It is said that she received hundreds of visits from adults whom she saved as children.
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Abbé MÉNARDAIS et Maria ERRAZURIZ (p/id 1174:1174)
A photograph of Abbé Ménardais with Maria Errazuriz. Abbé Henri-François Ménardais (1885-1965), parish priest of Chalmaison (Seine-et-Marne), was deeply involved in the effort to save Jews; he hid whole families in his presbytery, at the orphanage at Chalmaison, and at the Château de Tachy (Chalmaison) where nuns from the Fondation Eugène Napoléon resided after their Paris home was requisitioned by the Germans. Ménardais, frequent visitor to Rothschild, worked closely with social worker Claire Heymann. They would meet at the Opera where Ménardais was chaplain to the ballet dancers (les petits rats de l’Opéra); there he would give her dozens of signed baptism certificates that would serve to reclassify Jewish children. He even entrusted Jewish children to Public Aid orphanages, where they would stay until the war’s end. No one thought of looking for Jewish children among gentile orphans. Yad Vashem has honored the memory of Abbe Ménardais. In 1998 he was named a righteous man among the nations, juste parmi les nations, for saving more than two hundred Jews from the Nazis during the German Occupation of France.
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Lettre adressée à "Mademoiselle La Surveillante" (p/id 1175:1175)
Letter sent to Désirée Damangout from a patient of the Rothschild Hospital thanking her for her kindness, suggesting a small "Hip Hourrah" in her honor.
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Carte d'identité au nom de Désirée DAMANGOU, Surveillante à l'hopital de Rothschild (p/id 1176:1176)
Identity card, numbered 173, of Madame Désirée Damangou, a supervisor at the Rothschild Hospital. The typewritten information appears in both French and German. a photo identity card for Désirée Damengout, head nurse in the service de médecine, Rothschild Hospital. The card is not dated, but can be considered early summer of 1944, owing to stamps and signatures: Mme Wiart was agent of the Service de Liaison auprès des Autorités Allemandes on February 8, 1944. Dr. Marcovici was made médecin principal by Brunner himself in early June 1944; Marcovici became Brunner’s homme de confiance for the last three months of the German Occupation. The photo identity card seems almost artisanal in nature. It is not a professionally printed card; rather, it was fabricated at the hospital, from pink cardboard, with typed-in information in French and German. Most appointed Foundation Director by Assistance Publique and the German Authorities by ordinance of February 11, 1944. André Blondin was named importantly, it is an example of a stitched photo identity card: sewing the photograph to the card was Wiart’s idea to stop the counterfeiting of documents. On the back, it is written that the cardholder Désirée Damengout is essential to hospital operations (indispensable à la marche de l’hôpital). Ironically, Damengout, not Jewish, was essential in hospital resistance: She participated fully in Claire Heymann’s escape operations.
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Abbé Henri-François Ménardais (photo) (p/id 1177:1177)
A photograph of Abbé Henri-François Ménardais (1885-1965), parish priest of Chalmaison and legendary Resistance figure. Ménardais was deeply involved in the effort to save Jews; he hid whole families in his presbytery, at the orphanage at Chalmaison, and at the Château de Tachy (Chalmaison) where nuns from the Fondation Eugène Napoléon resided after their Paris home was requisitioned by the Germans. Ménardais was a frequent visitor to Rothschild and worked closely with Claire Heymann. They would meet at the Opera where Ménardais was chaplain to the ballet dancers (les petits rats de l’Opéra); there he would give her dozens of signed baptism certificates which would serve to reclassify Jewish children. He even entrusted Jewish children to Public Aid orphanages, where they would stay until the war’s end. No one thought of looking for Jewish children among gentile orphans. Yad Vashem has honored the memory of Abbe Ménardais. In 1998 he was named a righteous man among the nations, juste parmi les nations, for saving more than two hundred Jews from the Nazis during the German Occupation of France.
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Lettre adressée à "Mad. Damangou" de Günter MANN (p/id 1178:1178)
One page letter written on the front and back of the page from Günter Mann, an inmate at the Drancy prison camp, to Mademoiselle Damangou. A letter sent from Drancy (Building I, Staircase 2, Room 5 [Youth section]) on April 15, 1942, to Désirée Damengout, a head nurse at the Service de médecine. It is written by Gunter Mann with a note from Miksa Horowitz. Gunter Mann, 21 years old from Berlin, and Miksa Horowitz, 24 years old from Budapest, were deported in Convoy 3 which left Drancy-Bourget June 22, 1942 and arrived at Auschwitz June 24, 1942. Convoy 3 was composed of 934 male internees from Drancy, and 66 women from Tourelles prison, among them 21 French women. 34 survivors returned from this convoy (Memorial to the Jews Deported from France 1942-1944, Serge Klarsfeld). Mann and Horowitz were most likely returned to Drancy on April 4, 1942 (April 3 in Calendrier, Klarsfeld), in the first roundup at Rothschild when SS Dannecker brutally swept through the hospital and ordered the return of 30 sick patients.
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[Photograph of a family] (p/id 1179:1179)
Unknown subjects. Photograph from the collection of G.P.
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Carte postale: "Chalmalson - Façade du Château de Tachy" (p/id 1180:1180)
a postcard of the Château de Tachy in Chalmaison (Seine-et-Marne). Tachy became a refuge for many orphans during the war, including Jewish children from the Rothschild Hospital and Orphanage who left Rothschild through the Claire Heymann - Abbé Ménardais network. Abbé Ménardais made contact with Heymann through the Fondation Eugène Napoléon, a charitable organization in the XIIth arrondissment, which moved to Tachy after the Wehrmacht requisitioned their Paris home.
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Médailles de la famille KOHN-NÊTRE (p/id 1181:1181)
This is a shadow box showcasing four (4) French military decorations belonging to the Kohn-Nêtre Family. Clockwise from the top: La Médaille d’Italie; La Légion d’honneur; La Médaille de Crimée; La Légion d’honneur. The Médaille d’Italie (Italy Medal) is a medal commemorating the 1859 Italian campaign. Emperor Napoleon III bestowed it to French soldiers who fought in the war for Italian unity. The medal was attributed to the 120,000 men in the Italian army. The obverse of the round silver medal shows the garlanded head of Napoleon III, surrounded by the inscription Napoléon III Empereur. At the bottom is a small hallmark of the artist Barre. The medal is surrounded by laurel wreaths. The reverse (not shown) would be inscribed Campagne d’Italie with the list of battles: Montebello, Palestro, Turbigo, Magenta, Marignan, Solférino. The ribbon is red with five vertical white stripes. The Médaille de Crimée (Medal of Crimea) is actually a British commemorative medal, bestowed by Queen Victoria to soldiers and sailors of all ranks who participated in the siege of Sebastopol and the Crimean campaign between September 14, 1854 and September 8, 1855. 93,00 Frenchmen participated. The French government of Napoleon III recognized the British medal by decree of April 26, 1856, which allowed Frenchman so honored to wear the medal with any French decoration. The Légion d’honneur (Legion of Honor) is France’s most prestigious decoration. Instituted early in the 19th century (1802) by the then First Consul Napoléon Bonaparte, the insignia is a five-pointed white enamel star surrounding a medallion. The two Légions d’honneur in the shadowbox represent different periods. The decoration on the left is Second Empire. Here, the obverse of the blue enamel encased medallion is the profile of Napoleon Bonaparte with the legend Napoléon, Empereur des Français. On the reverse is Honneur et Patrie (not shown). An imperial crown connects the star and the red ribbon. The Légion d’honneur on the right is the current model and has been in use for Republics III, IV, and V. The general look of the medal has not changed, except that the imperial crown has been replaced by a wreath of oak and laurel surrounding the gold medallion of Ceres in the center, again ringed by blue enamel. The legend reads République française and the red ribbon is embossed with a rosette, implying officer.
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Photo de Roger NÊTRE en tenue militaire; médailles (p/id 1182:1182)
This is a photograph of Roger Nêtre in French military uniform of World War I. Roger Nêtre was Suzanne Nêtre Kohn’s brother and Armand Kohn’s brother-in-law, who died at the age of nineteen, fighting for France in World War I. Three medals drape the top of the photograph and the insignia, or badge, Rhin-Danube hangs from above. The medals are from left to right: La Croix de Guerre 1914-1918, La Croix du Combattant, La Légion d’honneur. The ribbon is green with red edges and five red vertical stripes. The Croix de Guerre (War Cross 1914-1918), instituted on April 8, 1915, was awarded to soldiers mentioned in dispatches since the outbreak of the war. It was automatically given to servicemen entitled to the Légion d’honneur for valor displayed on the field. The obverse of the bronze cross is an effigy of the Republic in Phrygian bonnet (not shown). The legend reads: République Française. 1914-1918 is inscribed on the reverse. The Croix de Combattant (Combattant’s Cross), instituted on June 28, 1930, was awarded to all military who fought at the front. The obverse of the bronze medal is a helmeted effigy of the Republic with the inscription République française (not shown). The reverse, which is shown, is a sword pointed downward with the inscription Croix du Combattant. The ribbon is a blue background with seven red vertical stripes. The Légion d’honneur (Legion of Honor) is France’s most prestigious decoration. Instituted early in the 19th century (1802) by the then First Consul Napoléon Bonaparte, the insignia is a five-pointed white enamel star surrounding a medallion of Ceres in the center, again ringed by blue enamel. The legend reads République Française. The Rhin-Danube insignia represents the arms of Colmar separating the Rhine and the Danube Rivers.
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Photographie du mariage d'Armand KOHN et Suzanne NÊTRE (p/id 1183:1183)
This is the wedding photograph of Armand Kohn and Suzanne Nêtre, dated May 10, 1921. In the lower left corner, over the wedding photograph is inset a snapshot of Philippe Kohn, adult, holding up the newspaper Aisne Nouvelle with the headline Saint-Quentin est libéré! (Saint- Quentin is liberated!). Convoy 79 carrying the Kohn family and other deportees left Drancy August 17, 1944. It stopped frequently along the way. In the night of August 20 there was an escape, and Philippe Kohn and his sister Rose-Marie Kohn were among those who jumped. They made their way to the village of Saint-Quentin where a Doctor Hébert hid them until it was safe to return to Paris. Philippe kept a copy of the local paper.
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Photographie du Maréchal Ferdinand FOCH, signée par le Maréchal, dediée "à Madame Kohn" (p/id 1184:1184)
This is a signed and inscribed photograph of Marshal Ferdinand Foch. The inscription to Mme George Kohn (Marie-Jeanne) reads, A Madame Kohn, très respectueux hommage. Ferdinand Foch. His official mark is on the lower left. Ferdinand Foch was a French military general who rose to prominence in World War I. He commanded France’s Ninth Army during the first battle of the Marne, which was the first engagement of the Great War. As Supreme Commander of the Allies in March 1918, he disagreed with United States General Pershing as to the disposition of American troops. In July 1918 he halted the German advance in the second battle of the Marne, which is considered the turning point of the war. He led the military negotiations for the armistice which was signed on November 11, 1918 in Foch’s railroad car. This is the same car which Hitler ordered be used for the Armistice between France and Germany June 14, 1940. Foch was elevated to Marshal in 1919.
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Suzanne KOHN-NÊTRE, portrait (p/id 1185:1185)
This is a portrait painting of Suzanne Nêtre Kohn, wife of Armand Kohn, as an elegant and sophisticated young woman in evening attire. The Nêtres were a wealthy old guard Jewish French family. She perished at Belsen in 1944. She was forty-nine years old.
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Marie-Jeanne KOHN et ses enfants, photographie (p/id 1186:1186)
This is a belle-époque photograph of Armand Kohn’s mother Marie-Jeanne Kohn with her two children. She died at the age of seventy-five at Auschwitz.
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Photographie de Marie-Jeanne KOHN; médailles (p/id 1187:1187)
This is a photograph of the mother of Armand Kohn, Marie-Jeanne, who perished at Auschwitz. A barrette of French military decorations, inset under her picture are, from left to right: La Légion d’honneur, La Médaille de la Reconnaissance Française, La Médaille Commémorative Française 1914-1918; the medal on the far right is unidentified. The Médaille de la Reconnaissance Français (French Medal of Gratitude), instituted on July 13, 1917, was awarded to civilians for benevolent works such as caring for the sick, mutilated, blind, orphaned or homeless families destroyed by the war. The reverse is shown. In 1945 a new medal was established with the same ribbon but altered design to recognize the same deeds performed during World War II. The Médaille Commémorative Française 1914-1918, instituted on June 23, 1920, was bestowed on all members of the French Armed Forces who served between August 2, 1914 and November 11, 1918. The allegorical profile of a Burgundian wearing a helmut of the type worn in the conflict, is on the obverse of the bronze medal. The reverse (not shown) is inscribed République Française surrounding the words Grande Guerre 1914-1918.
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Ancienne plaque tombale de Roger NÊTRE (p/id 1188:1188)
Roger Nêtre was Suzanne Nêtre Kohn’s brother and Armand Kohn’s brother-in-law, who died at the age of nineteen, fighting for France in World War I.
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Suzanne KOHN, Antoinette KOHN, photographie (p/id 1189:1189)
This is a photograph of Suzanne Kohn with eldest daughter Antoinette, taken during the war. Suzanne Kohn and Antoinette Kohn perished at Bergen-Belsen, which in late 1944 was a starvation camp. They had no survivor skills. Other prisoners soon took them of everything. Antoinette died first; she was twenty-two years old. Suzanne was fifty-nine.
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Armand Kohn, photographie (p/id 1190:1190)
This is a photograph of Armand Kohn in the snow. Date unkown.
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Georges-André KOHN, photographie (p/id 1191:1191)
This is a photograph of Georges-André Kohn, son of Armand and Suzanne Kohn, in his communion suit. Suzanne Kohn believed her family would be safe from persecution if they converted to Catholicism. Conversion for this purpose was not uncommon for Jews during the war. Suzanne and her children converted and were provided with papers; Armand Kohn refused to convert. The story of Georges-André Kohn is particularly tragic. He was transported from Auschwitz to Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg, Germany. In all twenty children were chosen for medical experiments performed by SS doctor Kurt Heissmeyer. They were injected with living tuberculosis bacteria and examined as the disease progressed in each of them. Their condition deteriorated. On April 20, 1945, with the war all but over and the British troops less than three miles from the camp, the children were taken to a school at Bullenhuser Damm where they were hanged from hooks. In 1945, the Hotel Lutétia in Paris became the unofficial registration center for returning victims. The Kohns put up a notice, but received no information. Armand Kohn died in 1962, without knowing the true story of his son’s fate. Information about this atrocity did not emerge until 1979. Today Bullenhuser Damm is a site of memory. A memorial is located in the cellar of the former school: the room where the children were murdered is kept in its original state; an exhibition on the fate of the victims is in the adjoining room. Documents there describe failed efforts to have Arnold Strippel, the senior SS officer in charge, prosecuted. Outside Bullenhuser Damm is a rose garden. Georges-André Kohn was twelve years old; he was the last child to be deported from Drancy. He was one of one-and-a-half million murdered children.
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Photographie des enfants KOHN: Georges-André, Rose-Marie, Philippe, Antoinette (p/id 1192:1192)
This is a photograph of the four Kohn children. from left to right: Georges-André, Rose-Marie, Philippe and Antoinette. The photograph was taken circa later 1930s.
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Famille de Suzanne et Armand KOHN, photographie (p/id 1193:1193)
This is a photograph of Suzanne and Armand Kohn with three of their children: Philippe on his father’s lap, Antoinette in the middle, and Rose-Marie in Suzanne’s arms. The photograph was taken circa 1927.
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L'internement des Juifs sous Vichy. (p/id 1030:1030)
Catalog of exposition on the same subject. The book describes the creation of internment camps under the Vichy regime, and photos and documents of deportation . Also included are examples of correspondence from camp detainees to their families.
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Rapport de Monsieur Halfon, Directeur de L'Hôpital-Fondation de Rothschild sur son activité (p/id 1051:1051)
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Aspects de l'hôpital Rothschild sous l'occupation Nazie. (p/id 1052:1052)
Typewritten Article by "Docteur ELBIM"; Doctor Elbim.
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Note sur le fonctionnement d'un des services consacrés aux internes du camp de Drancy à l'hôpital Rothschild: Décembre 1941 - Juillet 1942 (p/id 1053:1053)
Report written by Doctor Worms
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Origines et Histoire (p/id 1054:1054)
Typewritten account concerning the creation of the U.G.I.F., the state of Paris in 1940, and the role of Lieutenant DANECKER.
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Letter to Mr. Maurice Noushi from Marcelle Bock (p/id 1055:1055)
The letter written by Marcelle Bock describes her arrest in 1942 and internment at the Rothschild hospital during the occupation.
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Lettre de Maurice NOUSHI à Marcelle BOCK; 19 juin 1991 (p/id 1056:1056)
Letter from Maurice Noushi in which he asks Marcelle Bock of her experiences of the 1943 raid on the hospital.
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Convocation à la Préfecture de Police adressée à Monsieur Kinman Moïse (p/id 1057:1057)
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Rapport du Sécrétaire d'État Français au "Militaerbefehlshaber in Frankreich" [Commandant militaire en France] (p/id 1059:1059)
Report from the Secretary of State (France) to the the "Militaerbefehlshaber" [Engl. Trans: "Military Commander"] of France. Typewritten, French, with German translation.
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Les 9 et 10 Thermidor an IIe de la République: Avant Thermidor (p/id 1060:1060)
The 9th and 10th Thermidor (i.e. nine and ten), year II of the Republic (July 27 and 28, 1794): Before Thermidor. The two days. Commemorative pieces. Collection of seventy-seven facsimiles of embossments and original documents, described and classified by Andre Marty and preceded by an introduction by G. Lenotre.
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Les 9 et 10 Thermidor, an IIe de la République: Deux Journées (p/id 1061:1061)
The 9th and 10th Thermidor (i.e. nine and ten), year II of the Republic (July 27 and 28, 1794): Before Thermidor. The two days. Commemorative pieces. Collection of seventy-seven facsimiles of embossments and original documents, described and classified by Andre Marty and preceded by an introduction by G. Lenotre.
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Les 9 et 10 Thermidor, an IIe de la République: Pièces Commémoratives (p/id 1062:1062)
The 9th and 10th Thermidor (i.e. nine and ten), year II of the Republic (July 27 and 28, 1794): Before Thermidor. The two days. Commemorative pieces. Collection of seventy-seven facsimiles of embossments and original documents, described and classified by Andre Marty and preceded by an introduction by G. Lenotre.
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Les 9 et 10 Thermidor an IIe de la République: Reproductions (p/id 1063:1063)
The 9th and 10th Thermidor (i.e. nine and ten), year II of the Republic (July 27 and 28, 1794): Before Thermidor. The two days. Commemorative pieces. Collection of seventy-seven facsimiles of embossments and original documents, described and classified by Andre Marty and preceded by an introduction by G. Lenotre.
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Les 9 et 10 Thermidor an IIe de la République: Introduction (p/id 1064:1064)
This document contains 77 facsimiles of original documents from the time of the 9th and 10th Thermidor. The document, published in 1908, was edited by André Marty and includes an introduction by G. Lenotre. The author intended it to allow the reader to follow “minute by minute” the events leading up to the execution of Robespierre in the evening of the 10th Thermidor.
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Jugement du 6 fructidor an II pour AUPHANT (p/id 5096:10108)
   
Washington's Generals: Lafayette (p/id 5119:10109)
Washington's Generals; series on the American Revolution produced by Cosgrove/Meurer Productions,Inc. for The History Channel which includes a one-hour documentary on Lafayette
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